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:: Volume 9, Issue 36 (Cultural History Studies 2018) ::
CHS 2018, 9(36): 77-104 Back to browse issues page
Romantic Pedigree of Pahlavi the First’ Nationalism Discourse and National Identity Education in Primary Textbooks
Hossein Salimi *
Kharazmi University , salimihosein10@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2751 Views)
As a modern autocracy, Reza Shah's government adopted a romantic authoritarian nationalist discourse that was rooted in the ideas of German thinkers such as Fichte and Herder as its paradigm for establishing Iranian national identity. This discourse insisted on the "national characteristics" and imagined the nation based on "romanticism" as an eternal phenomenon and national history was considered to be the essence of national identity. Therefore, in order to create intellectual infrastructure of society for transcending its own national identity, Pahlavi the First focused on the teaching of national history more than ever before, thus emphasizing on the unified identity of all Iranians. Meanwhile, teaching national history to children made it possible to achieve this goal as quickly and efficiently as possible. The main question in this article is how Reza Shah's rule institutionalized the concept of Iranian national identity through teaching history to children. In response to this question, the main hypothesis of this study is that the modern autocracy sought to institutionalize the concept of Iranian national identity among the new generation of the Iranian nation, based on romantic authoritarian nationalism and its application for reading national history in elementary textbooks.
Keywords: : National Identity, History Education, Primary School, Romantic Authoritarian Nationalism.
Full-Text [PDF 531 kb]   (585 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/01/19 | Accepted: 2018/11/27 | Published: 2018/07/1
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Salimi H. Romantic Pedigree of Pahlavi the First’ Nationalism Discourse and National Identity Education in Primary Textbooks. CHS. 2018; 9 (36) :77-104
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Volume 9, Issue 36 (Cultural History Studies 2018) Back to browse issues page
(فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ فرهنگی)پژوهشنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ Cultural History Studies(Pejuhesh Nameh Anjoman-e Iraniye Tarikh)
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