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:: Volume 12, Issue 47 (Cultural History Studies 2021) ::
CHS 2021, 12(47): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The Decline of Nezamiyeh School in Baghdad
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Abstract
The Decline of Nezamiyeh School in Baghdad
Jamileh Yusefi[1]
Hossain ali Bayat[2]
 
The establishment of Nezamiyeh Schools in the eleventh century (AD) and its expansion with emphasis on the teachings of the Shafi’I Islamic sect and Ash’ari theology, also its stress on the executive staff, has distinguished these schools during the middle age in Iran. The goals of the establishment of Baghdad were influencing political and religious affairs, gaining legitimacy for the Saljuks and restricting the activities of dissidents such as Hanbalis who made up the majority of the population of Baghdad. But at the beginning religious strife fuelled. In addition, the position of militia with the action of political activities such as Saljuk sultans and military princes by establishing schools to highlight the Hanifi sect and expel the Shafi’is or Ash’arites. On the other hand, the Caliph’s action in attracting or expelling teachers brought about creating financial problems for the opposition and supporting school buildings. The Hanbalis faced a serious challenge, and its decline reached the point that some teachers inevitably moved west to the Sauk territory. This study by using descriptive-analytical approach investigates the formation process and political and economic factors which affected the decline of the Baghdad schools.
Keywords: Baghdad School, Hanafi and Hanbali schools , Saljuk Sultans, Caliphs of Baghdad.


[1] . Ph.D at Alzahra University, yousefi109050@gmail.com
[2] . Assistant Professor of Persian Literature, Ayatollah Borojerdi, bayat_149@yahoo.com
Keywords: Keywords: Baghdad School, Hanafi and Hanbali schools, Saljuk Sultans, Caliphs of Baghdad.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/25 | Accepted: 2021/05/31 | Published: 2021/05/31
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The Decline of Nezamiyeh School in Baghdad. CHS. 2021; 12 (47)
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Volume 12, Issue 47 (Cultural History Studies 2021) Back to browse issues page
(فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ فرهنگی)پژوهشنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ Cultural History Studies(Pejuhesh Nameh Anjoman-e Iraniye Tarikh)
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