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:: Volume 11, Issue 44 (Cultural History Studies 2020) ::
CHS 2020, 11(44): 158-133 Back to browse issues page
Contexts of Formation and Consequences of Holding the First World Carpet Exhibition in Austria
Abdollah Mirzaei *
Assistant professor, Tabriz Islamic art university, Tabriz, Iran , a.mirzaei@tabriziau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4746 Views)
Abdullah Mirzaei[1]
Abstract
In the second half of the nineteenth century, coinciding with extensive cultural and economic developments in the West, the first World Exhibition of Oriental Handmade Carpets held in the Austrian Empire. Considering the importance of carpets in the political and economic life of Iran in that period, the purpose of this study is to identify the background of the formation and results of this exhibition and the place of Iranian handmade carpets in this event. Documentary and historical studies have shown that Iranian carpets took the first place in this exhibition in terms of quantity and quality. The visual and aesthetic values ​​of these carpets promoted the research values ​​of Oriental and Iranian carpets among researchers and the founding of the Vienna School of Carpetology. The admiration of these carpets by critics and cultural elites led to the tendency of museums and art collections to buy and display Iranian carpets in the category of fine arts. The combination of these measures stimulated the demand for the purchase of handmade carpets among Western households and strengthened the production and export of Iranian carpets through the mediation of multinational and Iranian companies.
 
[1] Faculty Member of Tabriz University of Islamic Art, (a.mirzaei@tabriziau.ac.ir).
Received in 23 April 2020, Accepted 20 June 2020
Keywords: World Carpet Exhibition, Iranian Carpet, Alois Riegel, Vienna 1891.
Full-Text [PDF 2095 kb]   (557 Downloads)    
review paper: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/04/22 | Accepted: 2020/01/30 | Published: 2020/01/30
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Mirzaei A. Contexts of Formation and Consequences of Holding the First World Carpet Exhibition in Austria. CHS 2020; 11 (44) :158-133
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Volume 11, Issue 44 (Cultural History Studies 2020) Back to browse issues page
(فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ فرهنگی)پژوهشنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ Cultural History Studies(Pejuhesh Nameh Anjoman-e Iraniye Tarikh)
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