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:: Volume 11, Issue 43 (Cultural History Studies 2020) ::
CHS 2020, 11(43): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The Sociological Approach to Sufism in Orientalists’ Researchs Based on Their Khanqah Studies
Amir Pourrastegar 1, Mohammad yousof Nayyeri2
1- shiraz university , am.po90@yahoo.com
2- shiraz university
Abstract:   (1231 Views)
 
Amir Pourrastegar,[1] Mohammad Yousef Nayeri[2]
 
Abstract
 Due to the constant presence of mystical attitude in the individual and social conscience of Iranians, in the flowology of Iranian cultural events, the nature and functions of the school of Sufism must always analyzed. Orientalists in the study and analysis of Iranian-Islamic Sufism have used various comparative studies, approaches and research methodologies. Mysticism, from the perspective of society and the masses, is an important part of Orientalist research. Using descriptive-analytical method and using library resources; the present paper seeks to analyze the sociological approach in the mystical researches of Orientalists. Through this critical exploration, this article has tried to reveal thee compatibility and divergence of Sufism and society in their research. The system of Sheikhdom, the freedom of religions, and the essence of Sama are prominent in the Orientalists’ Khanqah studies. A careful examination of their research reveals the “connection between Sufism and Fotovvat”. The results of this study show that the majority of orientalists value the Khanqah mass-oriented Sufism and the general tendency of people to Sufism due to the social equality of the classes, and on the other hand, have criticized the tendency of the Mashayekhs to the power. In their view, although the foundations of Sufism Fotovvat have formed the basis of Sufism's social popularity; nevertheless, due to its avoidance of indulgence in Sufism, the elitism of mysticism in the first period of Sufism had results that were more effective.


[1] PhD. Student in Farsi Language and Literature (Mystical Literature), Shiraz University (Responsible Author) (am.po90@yahoo.com)
[2] Professor of Farsi Language and Literature, Shiraz University (m.nayyeri100@yahoo.com)
Received in 6 January 2020, Accepted 9 March 2021
Keywords: Keywords: Mysticism and Sufism, Orientalists, Society, Khanqah, Fotovvat, Sheikh
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/01/6 | Accepted: 2020/07/1 | Published: 2020/07/1
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pourrastegar A, nayyeri M Y. The Sociological Approach to Sufism in Orientalists’ Researchs Based on Their Khanqah Studies. CHS. 2020; 11 (43)
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Volume 11, Issue 43 (Cultural History Studies 2020) Back to browse issues page
(فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخ فرهنگی)پژوهشنامه انجمن ایرانی تاریخ Cultural History Studies(Pejuhesh Nameh Anjoman-e Iraniye Tarikh)
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